Seeds and Seeds- Chapter Summary and Worksheet

Summary of chapter

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Seeds are the small parts produced by plants from which new plants grow.

A seed contains a miniature plant, called an embryo, that can develop into a fully grown plant. The outer shell of a seed, called a seed coat, protects the embryo. Inside the seed a nutritious material provides food to the embryo. In flowering plants this material is called endosperm.

The seed in a plant is the part that develops from the ovules after fertilization. They are enclosed in the fruit which develops from the fertilized ovary. The seeds are formed as a result of sexual reproduction and contain the young embryo which can develop into a new plant.

Seed Structure

The outer covering of a seed is called the seed coat. Seed coats help protect the embryo from injury and also from drying out. Seed coats can be thin and soft as in beans or thick and hard as in locust or coconut seeds. Endosperm, a temporary food supply, is packed around the embryo in the form of special leaves called cotyledons or seed leaves. These generally are the first parts visible when the seed germinates.

The Seed: Definition, Types, Seeds, Structure, Videos, Solved Examples


Germination is usually the growth of a plant contained within a seed; it results in the formation of the seedling. Under proper conditions, the seed begins to germinate and the embryo resumes growth, developing into a seedling.

Seed Germination: Definition, Steps, & Factors Affecting Them

Factors influencing germination

Seeds: Parts, Germination, Dispersal and Its Agents, Videos and Examples
Summarize the experiment results below to explain what conditions are  required for seed germination: -

All seeds need water, oxygen, and proper temperature in order to germinate. 

Seed Dispersal

Seed dispersal is the movement, spread or transport of seeds away from the parent plant. There are five main modes of seed dispersal: gravity, wind, ballistic, water, and by animals.

Importance of Dispersal of Fruits and Seeds - QS Study

Worksheet-seeds and seeds

  1. What things are soaked before cooking in your house? Why?

2. Try one activity.

  • Take some chana and three bowls.
  • Put five chana in the first bowl and fill it up with water.
  • Put a damp piece of cloth or some cotton wool in the second bowl. Now keep the same number of chanas in it. Make sure that the cotton wool or cloth remains wet.
  • Put the same number of chanas in the third bowl. Do not put anything else in it. Cover all the three bowls.
Bowl 1Bowl 2Bowl 3
Are the seeds getting air?
Are the seeds getting water?
What changes did you see?
Have the seeds sprouted?

Note Down your observation

3. Draw a diagram of internal structure of seed

4. draw a diagram showing major steps of germination.

5. Find out where the coffee originated and how did it travel to India?

Activity Explained

Class : V std

Sub: EVS

Lesson name: Seeds and Seeds

Aim of the project: Making simple garden/window garden in their house and school

Summary of the process:

Step 1 : collecting seeds from their surrounding area and their home..ex.mustard,fenugreek, coriander etc.

Step 2: sowing seeds in separate plates and mention the seed names

Step 3: watering the seeds plates everyday.

Step 4 : noting the seed germination and the height of the plants,no.of leaves seen  everyday

Students displaying the plants they have grown for window garden


Each and every students were involved actively in this process.

Created awareness about the importance of the plants and trees.

Plan for taking it forward:

Keeping their surroundings and school green.

planting trees and plants.

Motivated the students to create small garden in their homeGrade: 5Subject: EVS

Term: Term 2

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